Submit a Manuscript to the Journal

South African Journal of International Affairs

For a Special Issue on

The BRICS expanded: Shaped by - or shaping - the global order?

Abstract deadline
01 August 2024

Manuscript deadline
02 September 2024

Cover image - South African Journal of International Affairs

Special Issue Editor(s)

Gustavo de Carvalho, South African Institute of International Affairs
[email protected]

Steven Gruzd, South African Institute of International Affairs
[email protected]

Yu-Shan Wu, University of Pretoria
[email protected]

Submit an ArticleVisit JournalArticles

The BRICS expanded: Shaped by - or shaping - the global order?

The South African Journal of International Affairs (SAJIA) invites scholars,
practitioners, and policymakers to contribute to our upcoming special issue on
the BRICS expansion. This issue will explore the implications of BRICS
enlargement, examining both the opportunities and challenges it presents to the
existing global order.

Formally convened in 2009 – comprising Brazil, Russia, India, and China before
South Africa's inclusion in 2010 – the BRICS group has been an influential voice
in global governance, particularly advocating for emerging economies. This
group's expansion reflects its members' desire to enhance their collective
bargaining power and influence within the international system. The inclusion of
South Africa marked the first expansion of BRIC into BRICS, symbolising the
group's pursuit of a more inclusive representation of the Global South's
economic and political concerns.

In 2023, BRICS embarked on another significant expansion phase by inviting seven
more countries: Argentina, Egypt, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Iran, the United Arab
Emirates, and Saudi Arabia. This move aimed to broaden the geopolitical reach
and economic base of BRICS, potentially shifting the global balance of power and
introducing new dynamics into the governance of global affairs. Argentina and
Indonesia, however, declined the invitation, and Saudi Arabia's decision to join
remains pending as of this writing. These responses highlight the complex
geopolitical considerations that countries must navigate.

The expansion of BRICS in 2023 is nevertheless poised to substantially affect
international relations by extending the group's influence and potentially
altering the strategic calculations of both member and non-member states. The
expanded membership could transform BRICS into a more significant challenger to
traditional Western dominance in global affairs, or conversely, it might dilute
the group's coherence, presenting challenges in aligning its members' diverse
political and economic agendas.

This special issue is thus timely and seeks to critically examine the dynamics
at play in BRICS enlargement, considering both opportunities as well as
challenges inherent in the next stage of BRICS engagement on the world stage.

Potential Article Topics

We are looking for rigorous analytical and empirical studies that offer fresh
insights into BRICS' operations, impact, and strategic trajectory, particularly
considering its enlargement. Submissions may include thorough policy analyses
assessing the consequences of BRICS initiatives internally or globally.
Additionally, we seek detailed case studies that elucidate BRICS' interactions
with global systems or other nations, highlighting lessons or insights that
contribute to understanding international cooperation dynamics. We also
encourage critical reviews of recent literature addressing BRICS' expansion and
its implications for global governance.

In light of this, topics might include:

1. Economic Implications of an Expanded BRICS: The editors seek studies on the
economic implications of an expanded BRICS, notably regarding trade
dynamics, economic policies, and financial systems. Submissions might
analyse how integrating diverse new member economies would affect the BRICS'
role in global economic governance. Another area for discussion might be the
BRICS' initiatives towards adopting digital currencies and creating
independent payment systems to lessen reliance on major global currencies.
Papers could assess how such monetary policies might affect international
trade and/or global financial markets.
2. Geopolitical Shifts Resulting from BRICS Expansion: The editors would
welcome submissions that explore the geopolitical effects of expanding BRICS
into diverse geographical regions. Papers might analyse how this alters
regional power balances, diplomatic relations, and global trade dynamics,
for instance around critical maritime and overland trade chokepoints.
Contributions could investigate the interaction between BRICS members and
major global powers like the US, the EU, and China (which is itself a BRICS
member, adding to complexity), assessing internal tensions and external
diplomatic strategies. Studies might also consider the implications for
BRICS members’ responses to international conflict, highlighting the
potential for increased tensions, or for enhanced global partnerships.
3. BRICS and Global Governance: Articles might analyse how an expanded BRICS
can influence the reformation of international institutions and global
norms. Submissions might examine BRICS' potential impact on pressing global
challenges such as climate change or economic crises.  What role might it
have as a bloc in global economic policies, environmental agreements, and
the development of international law?  Does BRICS aim to fundamentally
change the global order, or to secure a more influential role within the
existing order? Papers might explore how shifts in global power dynamics
affect BRICS' strategies, its interactions with other major global powers,
and its role in international negotiations, highlighting its position as a
potential reformer, challenger, or new power centre in global governance.
4. Comparative Analyses of Old and New BRICS Members: The editors encourage
assessments of the political, economic, and social congruencies and
disparities between current and potential BRICS members, as well as the
impact of these elements on group dynamics. Analyses could focus on how
these similarities and differences might affect internal cohesion and the
external efficacy of BRICS as a unified bloc.

Submission Instructions

* Prospective authors may, if they wish, send abstracts to the guest editors by
1 August 2024  on [email protected], to ascertain the suitability of an
article for this issue.  Subject line: BRICS Expansion Special Issue –
* Articles for submission via the Submission Portal should be prepared as
* Articles should be between 6000 and 9000 words, excluding endnote
* Referencing should be formatted according to the Chicago Notes style (NB:
endnotes without a bibliography).
* Authors should prepare and upload two versions of their manuscript, in WORD
format and double-spaced, size 12 font. One should include the name and
affiliation of the author or authors. The second must be anonymous, for the
purposes of blind peer review.
* Please select Yes re submission for a special issue when submitting your
paper on the Submission Portal, and choose this title: The BRICS expanded:
Shaped by – or shaping – the global order?
* Articles should be accompanied by the following information:
* An abstract of 150 words or less.
* Keywords or terms, to be used for indexing purposes(5-8).
* A title that clearly demonstrates the theme of the article.
* A brief bio for each author (and which one is the corresponding author).
* A full statement regarding any use of artificial intelligence to generate
content in the writing of the article.
* Permission for the use of any figure, table or extract from the text of
another source.
* Should a submission go through peer review successfully, revisions are likely
in January and February 2025.
* The planned publication date for the special issue is June 2025.

Instructions for AuthorsSubmit an Article