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22 January 2021
02 August 2021
Gentrification, Housing, and Health Outcomes
Gentrification, the increase of home values in low-income neighborhoods, is one of the most widely discussed and debated issues surrounding housing today. It is thought to drive housing inequality by not only displacing long-standing residents from their neighborhoods due to rising housing costs, but also contributing to a sense of isolation among those who remain behind in these neighborhoods as the demographics and cultural environment change as a result of new residents and businesses. These changes can carry several consequences, none more dire than poor health. Being displaced, or even the fear of being displaced, is a source of anticipatory stress, which can associate with several other health outcomes ranging from preterm births to poor self-rated health. Moreover, COVID-19 has made clear serious disparities in the ability of people to manage health crises due in part to segregated and uneven neighborhood landscapes. Nonetheless, is gentrification all bad? Most housing has become more expensive, both within and outside of neighborhoods flagged as ‘gentrifying.’ How unique of a problem is gentrification for health? Alternatively, the community improvements that stem from gentrification, such as lower rates of poverty, reduced crime, and more amenities, could potentially reduce health problems disproportionately found in low-income neighborhoods.
This special issue is a unique opportunity to bring together scholars from a variety of disciplinary and methodological backgrounds to address the influence of gentrification on health. We welcome original research articles that grapple with the health consequences that stem from gentrification. The types of research questions could include understanding the scope of the problem: What health outcomes are gentrification related to? What gentrification mechanisms produce these outcomes? As well as understand resolutions - How can different policy interventions, such as affordable housing policies, target economically transitioning communities to address and potentially alleviate health-related inequities?
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We invite abstracts that address:
- Understanding disparities in gentrification and health by race and ethnicity and efforts to bring a racial equity lens to gentrification.
- Highlighting the pathways through which gentrification can reduce or increase health disparities: crime rates, built environment, perceived affordability, etc.
- Comparing the health outcomes of rising housing costs in gentrifying neighborhoods to non-gentrifying neighborhoods.
- Understanding the distinct health consequences of being displaced as opposed to remaining within a gentrifying neighborhood.
- Using innovative methods to predict the future presence of gentrification.
- Understanding best practices and promising models to increase equity for all residents in gentrifying neighborhoods.
- Examining how gentrification mitigates or exacerbates existing disparities from COVID-19.
Researchers are invited to submit brief abstracts to Housing Policy Debate by January 22, 2021 for inclusion in a special issue on housing stability with a focus on gentrification, housing, and health. Invitations for full papers will be sent out by February 15, 2021. The deadline for full papers will be August 2, 2021.
Abstracts should be sent to: [email protected]
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