The Archaeology of Internal Conflict & Civil War
Deadline: 1 October 2019
Conflict has received much attention in archaeology lately and has been widely theorized, from the Palaeolithic to the present day. There is a form of social violence, however, that is in need of more archaeological reflection: internecine violence (including intrastate war, civil conflict and factional war). This ranges from inter-clanic, intra-ethnic disputes in segmentary societies to all-out warfare between industrialized armies in the contemporary world. Violence occurring at the heart of societies has deep social, cultural, political and material repercussions, often shaping collective memories and material environments for centuries. The reasons behind internecine conflict are heterogeneous: in small-scale societies, it can be a way of resisting processes of hierarchization and centralization; whereas in state societies, war can emerge as the result of class conflict, elite competition, religious confrontations, ideological struggles, or as reactionary backlashes. Internecine conflict is also a typical byproduct of colonial expansion and is often part of wider wars and struggles.
This volume intends to encourage dialogue between archaeologists working on prehistoric, historical and contemporary contexts, irrespective of region, as well as research that bypasses the usual chronological divides. Papers that address long-term phenomena are particularly welcome. Topics might include the roots of internal violence; ways of waging war between neighbours and their similarities/differences with external warfare; relations between local and global conflicts; characterization/stereotyping of rival factions; the role of gender and sexuality; the intersection of gender violence and internecine war; transformations in landscape, settlement patterns, urban space and domestic architecture as a result of open or latent violence; material evidence of internecine war (mass graves, perimortem traumas); the political economy of civil war; technologies of symbolic and physical repression of internal enemies; structural violence, and the materiality of collective memory, among other potential themes.
How to submit your paper
Alfredo Gonzalez Ruibal: (firstname.lastname@example.org)