Interaction and Adaptation across the Circumpolar North
Deadline: 1 September 2019
The circumpolar north has a long and extensive archaeological record of cultural adaption to what is generally acknowledged as a high risk if not hostile environment for human settlement. In particular, the later Holocene (5000 BC – AD 1000) represents a period during which long distance migrations and innovations in technology, economy, and art reverberated across northern regions. These facilitated one of the most extraordinary feats of human adaptation: the emergence and flourishing of complex Arctic societies. While a great deal of new research is uncovering data at higher resolution, there is a need for larger scale comparative work to link and explain patterns of demographic, social, economic, and adaptational change across the wider circumpolar region.
In order to understand the broader order and nature of these developments we seek data-driven (e.g., archaeological, palaeoenvironmental, genomic, linguistic, historical, ethnographic) and synthetic treatments of topics that address interaction and adaptation within and across the circumpolar north. This may include: environmental context of periods in which large-scale migration or interaction occurred; reconstructions of regional population histories and movement of people; geographic patterning in material culture or subsistence practices that reveal large-scale interaction and communities of practice; sources and history of technological innovations; and evidence of enduring trade networks and/or major shifts within them. We are especially interested in articles dealing with the middle to late Holocene that connect Arctic regions with major social and economic change across northern Eurasia, including the interconnected processes of long-distance trade in luxury goods, the spread of pastoralism and agriculture, and the influence of early states and exploration/colonization of Arctic societies.
The larger goal of this volume is to connect regional changes with large-scale trends and to identify areas of potential connection, parallel development, interaction, or even isolation in order to move towards developing a more integrative narrative for Arctic settlement. We therefore encourage submissions from a broad regional perspective, particularly those related to northern Eurasia and North America.