We use cookies to improve your website experience. To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies.

Revitalization of Indigenous Languages: Designing and Facilitating Immersion Programs

Curated by
Jioanna Carjuzaa (Montana State University, USA)
William G. Ruff (Montana State University, USA)

The Center for Bilingual and Multicultural Education (CBME) at Montana State University along with several partners, hosted the "Immersion Programs Conference: Revitalizing Endangered Indigenous Languages," July 25th-27th, 2016 in Bozeman, Montana. This professional development conference was designed to help Indigenous language and culture teachers develop and/or expand their immersion language programs and build urgently needed capacity for Indigenous language preservation by bringing together leading scholars with expertise in using immersion models to revitalize Indigenous languages to dialogue with each other.


The Immersion Programs Conference and this special issue were made possible through a Spencer Foundation Grant which was awarded to Drs. Jioanna Carjuzaa and William G. Ruff. Conference sponsors included the MSU Center for Bilingual and Multicultural Education Advisory Board members, educators at the Montana tribal colleges, Mike Jetty, Indian Education Specialist, and others from the Indian Education Division of the Office of Public Instruction. A special thanks to the invited experts/scholars, and the language/culture instructors who were in attendance at the conference. Thank you also to Burt Medicine Bull, Cheyenne Language Professor at Chief Dull Knife College for sharing his experiences and Jonathan Ruff, our graduate research assistant.

Center for Bilingual and Multicultural Education at Montana State University

Revitalizing Indigenous languages, cultures, and histories in Montana, across the United States and around the globe Jioanna Carjuzaa Published: 8 September 2017
A brief history of language and cultural specialists in the state of Montana—Class 7 testing Richard E. Littlebear Published: 31 August 2017
Teaching our way of life through our language: Materials development for Indigenous immersion education Sabine Siekmann, Joan Parker Webster, Sally Angass’aq Samson, Catherine Keggutailnguq Moses Published: 9 September 2017
Reflections on revitalizing and reinforcing native languages and cultures Lanny Real Bird Published: 12 September 2017
Affirming identity: The role of language and culture in American Indian education Jon Reyhner Published: 16 June 2017
Developing an Indigenous proficiency scale Kū Kahakalau Published: 9 September 2017
AA AH NAK Na Gya Tha (Lenore A. Stiffarm, Ed. D.), Thay Wus (John Mark Stiffarm) Published: 18 December 2017
Curriculum development, lesson planning, and delivery: A guide to Native language immersion Martin Reinhardt Published: 31 August 2017