GM Crops & Food
Meet the Editors
GM Crops & Food is the first international peer-reviewed journal of its kind, launched to focus exclusively on genetically modified crops with IF2.913. Our Editors are award winning experts, here to help you to reach our community. Read on, to find out about more about them and their work and to find out what articles they have chosen to highlight for you to read for free.
Prof. Naglaa Abdallah
Professor at Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University
Dr. Naglaa Abdallah is a Professor at Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University and the Coordinator for BSc Biotechnology Program, the first established program of its kind in the region.
In August 2011, she was nominated to be the Director of Egypt Biotechnology Information Center (EBIC), part of a growing network of Biotechnology Information Centers (BICs) of ISAAA’s Global Knowledge Centre on Crop Biotechnology popularly known as KC.
KC is a unique initiative on crop biotechnology established in 2000 to meet the growing need for biotech crops related credible information in Asia, Africa and Latin America for enhancing the crop food biotechnology awareness globally... Read on, here...
Dr. Channapatna S. Prakash
Dean, College of Arts and Sciences, Tuskegee University
Dr. Prakash has been a member of faculty at Tuskegee University since 1989. He is a professor of crop genetics, biotechnology. His area of expertise is genetic improvement research on food crops of importance to developing countries. His lab was among the first to develop transgenic sweet potato and peanut plants and conduct pioneering genomic studies on the peanut.
For nearly three decades Dr. Prakash has been a global leader in enhancing the societal awareness of crop and food biotechnology issues around the world. Influencing the community and receiving awards for his valuable contribution... Read on, here...
Why this research might be of interest to you
Are you interested in joining the GM Crops & Food community? The Editors have decided to highlight a collection of frequently accessed articles which may be of interest to your research. Free to access below:
Genome editing of crops: A renewed opportunity for food security, by Fawzy Georges and Heather Ray, is a review of the most revolutionary genetic technology to have been developed that aids in the precise targeted modification of the genome of organisms: genome editing. Authors provide an insightful overview of underlying differences between the three current approaches to crop improvement: classical plant breeding, genetic modification or genetic engineering and genome editing. They argue that genome editing should be treated as mutational event and thus not regulated as genetic engineering. Paper also provides a useful perspective on fostering societal acceptance of genome edited crops.
The contribution of glyphosate to agriculture and potential impact of restrictions on use at the global level, by Graham Brookes, Farzad Taheripour and Wallace E. Tyner, analyzes a “What If” scenario of a global ban on glyphosate. Glyphosate is possibly the most widely used agrichemical around the world, that is also the most vilified molecule leading countries such as France and Sri Lanka to explore banning of this herbicide. Authors show that if glyphosate were to be banned globally, it would result in an income loss of $6.76B, reduced food production by 24 million tons plus considerable environmental harm because of loss zero-tillage, increased carbon emission and the use of more toxic alternatives
Environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crop use 1996-2016: Impacts on pesticide use and carbon emissions, by Graham Brookes and Peter Barfoot, is an update on their previous landmark paper Environmental impacts of genetically modified (GM) crop use 1996–2015: Impacts on pesticide use and carbon emissions. Both these papers are among the most cited and viewed papers because of their comprehensive analysis of the ecological impact of GM crops around the world. They analyze the environmental impacts associated with changes in pesticide use and greenhouse gas emissions arising from the use of GM crops since their introduction over 20 years ago.
The impact of Genetically Modified (GM) crops in modern agriculture: A review, by Ruchir Raman, takes a nuanced look at the issue of bioengineered crops including their benefits and also many of the controversies they have generated including the Monarch Butterfly study (1999) and the Séralini affair (2012) which have led to the negative perception of the technology among public and policymakers, even resulting in full and partial bans in certain countries.
Canadian regulatory perspectives on genome engineered crops, by Stuart J. Smyth, provides an excellent look at how Canada plans to regulate New Breeding Techniques (NBT) including genome editing of crops. Many new tools such as oligonucleotide directed mutagenesis, zinc finger nuclease, meganuclease technique and transcriptional activator like effector – nuclease, cisgenesis, intragenesis and most importantly the CRISPR gene editing technology offer tantalizing possibilities for rapidly developing novel crop traits. This review analyzes how these technologies will be regulated in Canada.
Sowing the seeds of skepticism: Russian state news and anti-GMO sentiment, by Shawn F. Dorius and Carolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, is an intriguing analysis of the negative portrayal of GM foods in the Russian media in the West, to skew the public opinion against this technology. Analyses of the patterns in Russian news offer evidence that this may have been a coordinated information campaign to turn public opinion against genetic engineering in the West, and may have had an economic motive to provide Russian agricultural products being ‘unmodified’ and thus touted as more superior to gain a market edge.
Novel R2R3-MYB transcription factors from Prunus americana regulate differential patterns of anthocyanin accumulation in tobacco and citrus, by Kasturi Dasgupta, Roger Thilmony, Ed Stover, Maria Luiza Oliveira & James Thomson, studies three novel R2R3-MYB transcription factor (TF) genes from Prunus americana that enhance anthocyanin biosynthesis. Authors show that the PamMybA.1 and the PamMybA.5 genes enhance anthocyanin biosynthesis in tobacco and citrus. These genes can be useful for the metabolic engineering of anthocyanin production and cultivar enhancement. They prove that transgenic tobacco expressing these TF accumulated red/purple color pigmentation. They conclude that these TFs alone are sufficient for activating anthocyanin production in plants and may be used as visible reporter genes for plant transformation. Evaluating these TFs in a heterologous crop species such as citrus further validate that these genes can be useful for the metabolic engineering of anthocyanin production and cultivar enhancement.
The economic and environmental cost of delayed GM crop adoption: The case of Australia's GM canola moratorium, by Scott Biden, Stuart J. Smyth and David Hudson, summarizes the benefits of GM canola adoption in Canada and the regulatory approval process in Australia. They show that GM crops decrease yield losses, and thus increase farmer income; reduce inputs such as herbicides and pesticides, reducing expense; and reduce input applications, which frees up time and is associated with higher off-farm incomes, with the larger impacts being observed in developing as opposed to developed countries. They provide some of the first quantified, post-adoption evidence on the opportunity cost and environmental impacts of incorporating socio-economic considerations into GM crop regulation. Also, they show that the presence of moratoria not based on scientific-evidence, but rather on socio-economic considerations, has resulted in a negative impact to the developed country of Australia.
A future scenario of the global regulatory landscape regarding genome-edited crops, by Tetsuya Ishii and Motoko Araki, where authors investigate the regulations of GM crops on a product- or process-basis in 34 countries. They further analyze the regulatory responses to genome-edited crops without transgenes.in the USA, Argentina, Sweden and New Zealand. They discuss possible scenarios for future regulatory landscape and the possible social acceptance of genome-edited crops, from the viewpoint of public acceptance.
New GMO regulations for old: Determining a new future for EU crop biotechnology, by John Davison and Klaus Ammann, is a review article where the authors discuss the current EU GMO regulations, focusing on present GMO regulations as well as suggestions for possible new regulations for genome editing and ‘New Breeding Techniques’. They show how to introduce a dynamically scalable regulation that can be applied to all regulatory systems worldwide. They state that it is time to renew the whole regulatory system on breeding technologies, considering that the anti-GMO attitude is slowly weakening. They argue that the regulatory debate, especially with the boost from gene editing, would ease up.