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Beyond Academia

The International Interactions Policy Blog

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International Interactions is a peer-reviewed journal with direct relevance to a wide and interdisciplinary audience. Readers include political scientists, economists, historians, mathematicians, statisticians, anthropologists, sociologists, and other social science researchers with an interest in international relations, as well as informed professionals in business and government.

This newly launched blog initiative aims to synthesize scholarly findings for a practitioner audience. Each blog post describes the policy takeaways of a recent II article, in the authors' own words, and is accompanied by a period of free access to the original published article. This is an exciting new opportunity to share the important scholarly work of the journal with engaged policymakers who can apply this research to current issues and challenges. 

Maritime Conflict and Alliance Politics

Hayoun Jessie Ryou-Ellison & Aaron Gold distill the findings from their research article, "Moral hazard at sea: how alliances actually increase low-level maritime provocations between allies," published in Vol. 46 Issue 1. The article is free-access until March 31, 2020.
Hayoun Jessie Ryou-Ellison, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Hayoun Jessie Ryou-Ellison is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA. Learn more about Hayoun here.

Dr. Aaron Gold, Sewanee: The University of the South

Dr. Aaron Gold is a Visiting Assistant Professor in the Department of Politics at Sewanee: The University of the South, Tennessee, USA. Learn more about Dr. Gold here, and follow him on Twitter @aaronjgold2.

Under what conditions do states engage in maritime provocations?

News of international maritime disputes – such as those between Greece and Turkey in the Aegean Sea, Britain and Spain over Gibraltar, Japan and Russia over the southern Kuril Islands, and between China and its Southeast Asian neighbors in the South China Sea – demonstrate that the management of maritime claims is an important issue in the study of interstate conflict. Worldwide, the rise in the number of maritime disputes has increased sharply over the past century.

Since World War II, most contested maritime claims have been associated with low-level conflicts, mainly shows of force, and have not resulted in fatalities. However, it is puzzling that many competing claims exist among states which are alliance partners.

In our paper, we argue states manage such conflicts in distinct ways. Specifically, we contend that, rather than primarily relying on the use of force, challenger states prefer to manage their maritime claims by engaging in low-level violations. These violations (such as sending their merchant marine, patrol boats, or coast guard ships into disputed waters), are what we call low-level maritime provocations. States might be motivated to engage in this kind of low-level conflict because, if the defending state fails to protest, this can, over time, lead to a legal claim as customary international law binds state behavior.

Joint membership in highly institutionalized security organizations, namely defensive alliances, provides aggrieved challenger states with the opportunity to undermine the position of defending states by using low-level maritime provocations. The alliance has an incentive to provide an institutional security umbrella to maintain its strength and continuity. High levels of commitment to defensive alliances provide a challenger state with the opportunity to behave provocatively without risking an escalation of conflict or severely damaging its reputation within the alliance. We test our theory using data on all maritime claims and their associated militarization attempts in the Western Hemisphere and Europe from 1900 to 2001 from the Issue Correlates of War (ICOW) project.

 

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*This article is free-access until March 31, 2020.

The Arab Spring and the Barriers to Revolutionary Diffusion

Ammar Shamaileh explains the implications of his research article, "Never out of Now: Preference Falsification, Social Capital and the Arab Spring," published in Vol. 45 Issue 6. This article is open access.

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Read the published article*

*This article is open access, which means it is available to everyone! 

Ammar Shamaileh, Doha Institute for Graduate Studies

Dr. Ammar Shamaileh is an Assistant Professor at the Doha Institute for Graduate Studies in Doha, Qatar. Learn more about Dr. Shamaileh here, and follow him on Twitter @AmmarShamaileh.

Beware of Victor’s Justice

Christoph V. Steinert describes the takeaways from his new article, "Trial fairness before impact: Tracing the link between post-conflict trials and peace stability," published in Vol. 45 Issue 6. This article is free-access until December 31, 2019.
Christoph V. Steinert, University of Mannheim

Christoph Valentin Steinert is a PhD candidate in Political Science at the Graduate School for Economic and Social Science, University of Mannheim, Germany. Learn more about Christoph here, and follow him on Twitter @ChrisVSteinert.

Reconsidering Humanitarian Military Intervention

Thorsten Gromes & Matthias Dembinski outline the findings from their article, "Practices and outcomes of humanitarian military interventions: a new data set," published online in July 2019.
Thorsten Gromes, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Dr. Thorsten Gromes is Project Director and Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt, Germany. Learn more about Dr. Gromes here.

Matthias Dembinski, Peace Research Institute Frankfurt

Dr. Matthias Dembinski is Deputy Chairman of the Research Council, Project Director, and Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt, Germany. Learn more about Dr. Dembinski here.

Human Rights: International Norms, International Shaming

Zhanna Terechshenko, Charles Crabtree, Kristine Eck & Christopher J. Fariss share surprising findings from their peer-reviewed article, "Evaluating the influence of international norms and shaming on state respect for rights: an audit experiment with foreign embassies," published in International Interactions Vol. 45 Issue 4.

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Read the published article*

*This article is open access, which means it is available to everyone! 

Zhanna Terechshenko, PhD Candidate, Penn State

Zhanna Terechshenko is a PhD candidate in Political Science and Social Data Analytics at the Pennsylvania State University, Pennsylvania, USA. Learn more about Zhanna here, and follow her on Twitter @z_terechshenko

Charles Crabtree, PhD, Dartmouth College

Charles Crabtree, PhD, is a Visiting Scholar in the Department of Government at Dartmouth College. Learn more about Dr. Crabtree here, and follow him on Twitter @cdcrabtree.

Kristine Eck, Uppsala University

Dr. Kristine Eck is an Associate Professor and Director of the Uppsala Conflict Data Program, Uppsala University, Sweden. Learn more about Dr. Eck.

Christopher J. Fariss, University of Michigan

Dr. Christopher J. Fariss is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan, USA. Learn more about Dr. Fariss here, and follow him on Twitter @cjfariss.

A New Dataset on the First Intifada

Eitan Y. Alimi & Alon Burstein sum up the policy implications detailed in their peer-reviewed article with Gregory M. Maney, "Beyond the media’s radar: Introducing the Intifada Non-Media-Based Dataset," published in International Interactions Vol. 45 Issue 4.
Prof. Eitan Alimi, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Eitan Alimi, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Political Sociology at The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. Learn more about Prof. Alimi.

Dr. Gregory Maney, formerly of Hofstra University

Gregory Maney, PhD, was the Harry H. Wachtel Distinguished Professor for the Study of Nonviolent Social Change at Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, USA. Prof. Maney passed away in 2017. Learn more about his life's work and legacy.

Alon Burstein, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Alon Burstein is a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel. Learn more about Alon.

IMF Lending and FDI Outflows: A Sectoral Perspective

Michael Breen & Patrick J. W. Egan explain the key policy takeaways from their peer-reviewed article, "The Catalytic Effect of IMF Lending: Evidence from Sectoral FDI Data," published in International Interactions Vol. 45 Issue 3.
Dr. Michael Breen, Dublin City University

Dr. Michael Breen is an Associate Professor at the School of Law and Government at Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland. Learn more about Dr. Breen here, and follow him on Twitter @mbreen3. 

Dr. Patrick J. W. Egan, Tulane University

Dr. Patrick J. W. Egan is an Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Learn more about Dr. Egan.

International Interactions

International Interactions is a leading interdisciplinary journal that publishes original empirical, analytic, and theoretical studies of conflict and political economy. The journal has a particular interest in research that focuses upon the broad range of relations and interactions among the actors in the global system. Relevant topics include ethnic and religious conflict, interstate and intrastate conflict, conflict resolution, conflict management, economic development, regional integration, trade relations, institutions, globalization, terrorism, and geopolitical analyses. The journal aims to promote interaction among social science disciplines by encouraging interdisciplinary work among political scientists, economists, sociologists, anthropologists, geographers, statisticians, and mathematicians.

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