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Annals of Medicine

For an Article Collection on

Explainable Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: novel approaches to face infectious diseases challenges

Manuscript deadline
01 October 2024

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Article collection guest advisor(s)

José de la Fuente, PhD, SaBio (Health and Biotechnology). Instituto de Investigacion en Recursos Cinegeticos (IREC, CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain. Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, U.S.A.
[email protected]

Daniele Roberto Giacobbe, MD, PhD, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy
[email protected]

Prof. Yudong Zhang, University of Leicester, England
[email protected]

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Explainable Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: novel approaches to face infectious diseases challenges

Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) in which computers are conferred the ability to learn from data. Classical statistics and machine learning models are a continuum in which, generally, the fewer the assumptions imposed by humans the more likely it is for machine learning models to capture complex characteristics and to evaluate their association with a given outcome/factor. Nonetheless, human involvement remains crucial for different tasks, such as but not only identifying/reducing biases and preserving interpretability of both models and results.

Machine learning is closely related to the field of “big data”. Therefore, the availability of large datasets is frequently crucial to exploit the potential of machine learning models and their promises to improve patients’ care and interventions. All of this will increasingly require a multidisciplinary approach to guarantee security, reproducibility, standardization, interpretability, and explanation of data and results. In turn, this will add notable complexity, that should comply with continuously updated and evolving ethical requirements. Furthermore, as AI models become increasingly complex and opaque, there is a growing need for explainable AI (XAI) techniques to ensure transparency and interpretability.

The future of infectious diseases is not exempt from the advent of AI and machine learning, which are increasingly employed in clinical research investigating risk, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and prognosis of viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic diseases in humans. This comes with novel challenges and complexity, but also with the potential to improve patients‘ care, provided the employed models are explainable. Indeed, in the context of infectious diseases, where timely and accurate decisions are crucial, it is essential to understand how AI algorithms arrive at their predictions or recommendations. Explainable AI provides insights into the decision-making process, making the outcomes more transparent and interpretable. This transparency helps build trust among healthcare professionals, policymakers, and the general public, fostering the adoption and acceptance of AI-based systems.

In this article collection covering the connection across explainable AI, machine learning, and infectious diseases, we especially encourage submission of original articles and reviews. Commentary articles describing peculiar or controversial aspects will also be considered.

Annals of Medicine accepts the following types of articles:

  • Research Article (systematic/meta-analysis reviews and observational studies)
  • Review Article
  • Clinical Trials
  • Protocols
  • Case Series
  • Commentary

José de la Fuente is Professor of the Higher Council of Scientific Research (CSIC) and head of the Genomics, Proteomics & Biotechnology group at SaBio, IREC, Spain, and Adjunct Professor at the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University, U.S.A. His research focuses on the study of the host-vector-pathogen molecular interactions, and translation of this basic information into development of effective vaccines and other interventions for the control of infectious diseases affecting human and animal health worldwide.

Additional Email Address: [email protected]

Daniele Roberto Giacobbe, MD, PhD, is assistant professor of infectious diseases at the University of Genoa, Italy. He is also working as an infectious diseases specialist at San Martino Polyclinic Hospital in Genoa and is a member of the directive committee of the Italian Society of Anti-Infective Therapy (SITA). His main fields of research are severe infections due to difficult-to-treat gram-negative bacteria and invasive fungal diseases in the intensive care unit. He is author of more than 200 original articles or reviews in peer review journals.

Professor Yudong Zhang serves as a Chair Professor at the School of Computing and Mathematical Sciences, University of Leicester, UK. His research interests include deep learning and medical image analysis.

Disclosure Statement: Dr. José de la Fuente declares no conflicts of interest regarding this work. Dr. Daniele Roberto Giacobbe reports investigator-initiated grants from Pfizer, Shionogi, and Gilead Italia, and speaker and/or advisor fees from Pfizer and Tillotts Pharma.

The deadline for submitting manuscripts is October 1st, 2024.

When submitting your article, please select the section 'Infectious Diseases', and the Special Issue 'Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Novel Allies to Face Infectious Diseases Challenges' from the drop-down menu on the submission system.

Annals of Medicine is an online, open access, international journal publishing across all areas of medicine and is part of our Elevate Series. This means that you will receive a concierge-level publishing experience, including dedicated support from our expert in-house Editorial team, with guaranteed response times of within 48 hours, an initial decision on whether your article will be peer reviewed within 5 working days, and a first decision on your research within an average of 22 working days.

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Submission Instructions

All manuscripts submitted to this Article Collection will undergo a full peer-review; the Guest Advisor for this collection will not be handling the manuscripts (unless they are an Editorial Board member). Please review the journal scope and author submission instructions prior to submitting a manuscript.  

The deadline for submitting manuscripts is October 1st, 2024.

Instructions for AuthorsSubmit an Article

All manuscripts submitted to this Article Collection will undergo desk assessment and peer-review as part of our standard editorial process. Guest Advisors for this collection will not be involved in peer-reviewing manuscripts unless they are an existing member of the Editorial Board. Please review the journal Aims and Scope and author submission instructions prior to submitting a manuscript.